2017 04 06 nbsp 0183 32 Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Fracking While the oil and gas industry likes to tout natural gas as a cornerstone of the transition to a lower carbon economy fracking emits a lot of methane via fugitive emissions from the fracking itself the venting and flaring of natural gas and pipeline leaks as it s shipped fracking is a technique to extract natural gas from harder to access unconventional sources trapped in rock formations such as shale gas coal bed methane and tight gas This unconventional natural gas requires more energy and water to extract than conventional gas from easier to access reservoirs and more porous rock formations 2014 03 19 nbsp 0183 32 Fuel Cells and Fracking – These emissions during natural gas production and processing are estimated to make up around 20 of total GHG emissions from natural gas based on emissions from the Marcellus Shale gas production to combustion 4 – Using a fuel cell to capture and convert this excess gas to energy to power the natural gas production 2021 12 07 nbsp 0183 32 Thanks to the shale revolution aka fracking which you have tried to ban the US has enough natural gas to supply us and other nations for decades just with current technology and for centuries with future technology 2 The only thing that can stop our industry from producing low cost natural gas for America and the world including the billions of poor Fracking produces 30 percent to 100 percent more methane emissions than traditional natural gas wells according to researchers at Cornell University The heat trapping gas is a major contributor to global climate change Source Climatic Change journal

1 Overview Hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking is a technique which can be used in the extraction of gas from shale rock It is estimated that more than 2 5 million wells have been 2022 02 03 nbsp 0183 32 fracking also spelled fracing or fraccing also called hydrofracking in full hydraulic fracturing in natural gas and petroleum production injection of a fluid at high pressure into an underground rock formation in order to open fissures and allow trapped gas or crude oil to flow through a pipe to a wellhead at the surface Once fracking is completed production begins Oil and natural gas flows up from the well bore and fracturing fluid is then recovered and recycled and used in other fracking operations Once fracking is complete the production site shrinks to the size of about a two car garage STEP 7 Well Abandonment and Land Restoration When all of the recovered oil and natural gas has 2020 10 21 nbsp 0183 32 Natural gas production and transportation can also have extensive networks of pipelines That again involves the continued disruption of land during their construction Workers transporting to and from work sites land excavated trees and plant life destroyed and communities who live in and around the area The controversial use of fracturing is also part of 2021 10 28 nbsp 0183 32 Natural gas is mostly methane Methane is an odorless flammable toxic gas found in manure decomposing swamplands and deep below the ground where frackers try to capture it Undetected a

2021 12 31 nbsp 0183 32 Soaring Natural Gas Prices Are Weighing On Global Aluminum Production By Ag Metal Miner Dec 31 2021 2 00 PM CST Rising power costs in Europe have resulted in reduced output at Europe s Fracking enables the production of Natural Gas and Oil from rock formations deep below the earth s surface generally 5 000 20 000 feet or 1 500 6 100 m At such depth there may not be sufficient porosity and permeability to allow Natural Gas and Oil to flow from the rock into the wellbore at economic rates 2019 06 25 nbsp 0183 32 Fracking is pumping a fluid into a well in order to break up the rock that bears oil or gas to release the hydrocarbons trapped inside It s been happening in natural gas extraction since 1949 – a 2017 10 13 nbsp 0183 32 Fracking is a proven drilling technology used for extracting oil natural gas geothermal energy or water from deep underground Fracking has been safely used in the United States since 1947 More than 1 7 million U S 2022 02 10 nbsp 0183 32 Fracking is essential for the production of natural gas and oil from shale formations and with advances in fracking technology it is becoming easier and more accessible to access natural gas Power generation Operation of gas turbines to create electricity

Newer methods of mining natural gas from harder rocks and deeper deposits are controversial especially hydraulic fracturing or fracking In fracking high pressure is used to force fluids underground to break shale rocks and get deep deposits of natural gas Critics say the process emits methane and pollutes water supplies 2022 02 02 nbsp 0183 32 Natural gas production in the region was relatively flat at 32 7 Bcf d The price in the Permian production region rises above Henry Hub with the onset of colder temperatures The price at the Waha Hub in West Texas which is located near Permian Basin production activities rose 3 22 this report week from 4 04 MMBtu last Wednesday to 7 26 MMBtu yesterday 2019 06 25 nbsp 0183 32 Natural gas is cheaper than it would have been without fracking even though the price has gone up And with production still surging it could stay that way for a while unless America starts Natural gas also called fossil gas sometimes just gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting of methane and commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide nitrogen hydrogen sulfide or helium Natural gas is colorless and odorless and explosive so a sulfur smell similar to rotten eggs Fracking enables the production of Natural Gas and Oil from rock formations deep below the earth s surface generally 5 000 20 000 feet or 1 500 6 100 m At such depth there may not be sufficient porosity and permeability to allow Natural Gas and Oil to flow from the rock into the wellbore at economic rates Fractures may be natural or man made and are extended by

In April 2010 API published API Recommended Practice RP 754 Process Safety Performance Indicators for the Refining and Petrochemical Industries The purpose of the RP is to leading and lagging indicators in the refining and petrochemical industries for nationwide public reporting as well as indicators for use at individual facilities including methods for the development and Fracking has significantly increased domestic oil and natural gas production Between 2007 and 2016 United States oil production grew 75 percent and natural gas production grew 39 percent according to the Independent Russia is the world s leading exporter of gas exporting 197 2 billion cubic meters of pipeline gas in 2020 and 40 4 billion cubic meters of liquefied natural gas LNG The indirect effects of the increase in the supply of natural gas from fracking have only recently started to be measured A 2016 study of air pollution from coal generation in the US found that there may have been indirect benefits from fracking through the displacement of coal by natural gas as an energy source The increase in fracking from 2009 led to a drop in natural gas promoting natural gas as a clean green fuel but studies show that fracked natural gas can produce as much greenhouse gas GHG emissions as coal What is fracking Hydraulic fracturing more commonly known as fracking is a technique to extract natural gas from harder to access unconventional sources trapped in rock formations such as shale gas coal bed